The purpose of this book is not to decide the religious issue of the presentday, but merely to present the issue as sharply and clearly as possible,in order that the reader may be aided in deciding it for himself.Presenting an issue sharply is indeed by no means a popular businessat the present time; there are many who prefer to fight their intellectualbattles in what Dr. Francis L. Patton has aptly called a “condition oflow visibility.”1 Clear-cut definition of terms in religious matters, boldfacing of the logical implications of religious views, is by many personsregarded as an impious proceeding. May it not discourage contributionto mission boards? May it not hinder the progress of consolidation, andproduce a poor showing in columns of Church statistics? But with suchpersons we cannot possibly bring ourselves to agree. Light may seemat times to be an impertinent intruder, but it is always beneficial in theend. The type of religion which rejoices in the pious sound of traditionalphrases, regardless of their meanings, or shrinks from “controversial”matters, will never stand amid the shocks of life. In the sphereof religion, as in other spheres, the things about which men are agreedare apt to be the things that are least worth holding; the really importantthings are the things about which men will fight.